Your Baby

TCI Hospital seeks to become ‘Baby-Friendly’

What is the baby friendly hospital initiative?

This is a worldwide program sponsored by the World health Organization and UNICEF to encourage hospital and birth centers to promote, support and protect breastfeeding.

At the Turks & Caicos Islands Hospital, our goal is to provide every prenatal patient with breastfeeding information so that our patients and their families can make an educated decision about breastfeeding and caring for their babies.

We want our patients to consider breastfeeding for their infants except in cases where breastfeeding is not recommended. Some instances where breastfeeding is not recommended would be in cases of: – mothers with HIV, mothers on street drugs or taking medications such as chemotherapeutic medications.

If you have specific questions about medications or health conditions you may discuss this with your doctor, Midwife or NICU nurse.

Every facility providing Maternity services and care for newborns should:-

  • Have a written breastfeeding policy that is routinely communicated to all health care staff.
  • Train all health care staff necessary skills needed to implement this policy
  • Inform all pregnant women about the benefits and management of breastfeeding.
  • Help mothers how to breastfeed, and how to maintain lactation even if they should be separated from their infants.
  • Help mothers initiate breastfeeding within half hour of birth,
  • Give newborn infants no food or drink other than breast milk, unless medically indicated.
  • Practice rooming-in allows mother and babies to remain together- 24hrs a day.
  • Encourage breastfeeding on demand(allow babies to feed when hungry)
  • Give no artificial teats or pacifiers (also called dummies or soothers) to breastfeeding infants.
  • Foster the establishment of breastfeeding support groups and refer mothers to them on discharge from the hospital.

Human breast milk has everything your baby needs for the first 6 months of life. This means that your baby does not need water, formula, tea or any other food unless you received specific instructions from your doctor. Breast milk is the best food for your baby.

Why is breastfeeding good for your baby?

  • Your breast milk changes as your baby grows to meet the nutritional needs of your baby.
  • Breast milk helps to protect baby from infections by promoting early development of the baby’s immune system.
  • Breastfeeding babies have less asthma, colds, ear infections and allergies.
  • Breastfeeding babies tend to have less hospital admissions because of serious illness.
  • Breast milk has proteins and other nutrients that are easily digested by the baby’s system.
  • Breast milk helps baby’s brain develop to make your baby smarter. Breast feeding your baby reduces the risk for SIDS(sudden infant death syndrome)

Why is breastfeeding good for mother?

  • Helps mother to burn about 500 extra calories so that she is able to get back to her pre-pregnant weight sooner.
  • Reduces blood loss after delivery of baby.
  • Helps the uterus to return to its normal size quickly
  • Helps mother to get rest because she is able to sit or lie down with baby every few hours to feed.
  • Reduces the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures, ovarian and uterine cancers. Helps mother to feel better about herself and her baby and helps to form a special bond between mother and baby.

What are other benefits of breastfeeding?

  • Breast milk is free helping families to save hundreds of dollars.
  • Having a well-baby means fewer visits to emergency rooms, less money spent on prescriptions and less time staying at home from work with a sick child.
  • Convenience-Breast milk is the right temperature and does not need any special mixing or storage.

Learn more about the Maternity Department at TCI Hospital.

Calling the NICU
You can call the NICU 24 hours a day at (649) 941-2800. ext 7013. Please do not call during the nursing shift change from 7:00am-7:30am and 7:00pm-7:30pm. If there is any serious change in your baby’s condition, we will call you as soon as possible. We ask that parents make all phone calls concerning their baby and then relay the information to family members. We do not give information to family members or friends.
Car Seats
If you have a car seat, we can test your baby in it before your baby is discharged from the hospital. Infants born earlier than 37 weeks gestation will need a car seat test. Babies with other medical conditions or those who may not tolerate sitting in a semi-reclined position may also need this test. The car seat test will usually be done within one week of your baby being discharged home. During the test, the nurse will monitor your baby’s heart rate, breathing, and oxygen levels for a mini¬mum of 90 minutes. We recommend practicing putting the car seat in and out of your car, as well as buckling, tightening and loosening the straps before that special trip home with your baby. It is also recommended that you have your car seat installed at a child passenger safety fitting station. Ask your bedside nurse for information regarding locations for these installation sites.

Read Car Seats for Children with Special Needs - Premature Babies from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Clothing and Toys for Your Baby
You may bring outfits, hats, and special blankets. While your baby is in the isolette/incubator, he or she will just be wearing a diaper, so we may better observe him or her. Infant stimulation is necessary for your baby’s growth and development. Toys or gifts you can bring for your baby include:

  • Small plastic or rubber toys
  • Musical toys
  • Pictures of family members or those colored by brothers and sisters.

Kindly note, small stuffed animals are not permitted due to infection control protocols. Remember, the isolette is small, therefore due to limited spaces; toys cannot be stored in-hospital.
Feeding Your Baby
At first, most babies get their fluids by vein. We begin to give your baby breastmilk as soon as his or her condition allows. Babies weighing less than 1500 grams (3 pounds, 5 ounces) are often fed through an OG or NG tube at first. See vocabulary in the NIU to learn more about this tube.

When your baby is ready, he or she will begin cup-feeding. When cup-feeding, a nurse gives the first feed and arranges times that you can feed your baby. Cup-feeding may be particularly useful when small volumes of breastmilk/colostrum are being given and during emergency situations.

Why cup-feed

For a full-term baby, cup-feeding can be used when:

  • You and your baby are separated for a period of time.
  • You need to give your nipples time to heal.
  • Your baby is refusing to breast feed.
  • Your baby has a minor cleft of lip and/or palate.

We hope this allows you to become more familiar with your baby’s care and that it gives you some special time with your baby. Our NICU nurses assist mothers with the retrieval of express milk, whether manually or via breast pump.

If you planned to breast feed your baby, we encourage you not to change your plans. We help you learn how to collect and store your milk if your baby is not yet ready to nurse at your breast. Then, when your baby is ready, we will help you with breastfeeding or the change from cup-feeding to breastfeeding. There is an electric breast pump available for you to use while you’re in the hospital or visiting your baby. If your baby will be hospitalized for a long time, you may want to get a pump to have at home. Ask your baby’s nurse, for more information. TCI Hospital has commenced steps to join the Global Baby-friendly Initiative which promotes breast-feeding.

Getting More Information
Our staff is available to answer your questions and we want you to understand everything we are doing for your baby. It may be helpful to choose two or three people with whom you are most comfortable talking to get most of your informa¬tion. We know sometimes we tell you so much that it's hard to remember everything. So, during your baby’s stay in the nursery, we'll give you information sheets. You can read the sheets at your convenience. You can use them to help your memory or help explain your baby’s condition to family and friends. We also have many books, articles, and brochures that may be of interest to you. Ask your baby’s nurse for more information.
Holding Your Baby – Kangaroo Care
Premature babies often have a difficult time keeping their temperature stable. You can reach into the isolette/incubator to touch and talk to your baby through the portholes. You may also help change your baby’s diaper or take his or her temperature. When your baby is big enough to be held, it will be for short periods of time, one or two times per day. Kangaroo care (skin-to-skin contact between parent and baby) is encouraged in the NICU.

Kangaroo care

Kangaroo care, also called skin-to-skin, is a wonderful way to be close to your baby.

What is kangaroo care?

Kangaroo care means holding your diapered baby on your bare chest (if you're the father) or between your breasts (if you're the mother). Be sure to put a blanket over your baby's back to keep him warm. Kangaroo care is great for you and your baby.

How can kangaroo care help your baby?

  • Keep his body warm
  • Keep his heart and breathing regular
  • Gain weight
  • Spend more time in deep sleep
  • Spend more time being quiet when awake and less time crying
  • Have a better chance of being able to breastfeed

How can kangaroo care help you?

  • Make more breast milk
  • Reduce your stress
  • Feel close to your baby

Kangaroo care has emotional benefits for you, too. It builds your confidence as you provide intimate care that can improve your baby's health and well being. You are giving something special to your baby that only you can give. By holding your baby skin-to-skin, you will feel the experience of new parenthood and closeness to your baby. Kangaroo care is healing in many ways, for both you and your baby.

When can you start kangaroo care?

Ask your NICU staff about its policy on kangaroo care. Some NICUs postpone kangaroo care until the infant is medically stable, while others use it from birth onward. Kangaroo care is safe and beneficial, even if your baby is connected to machines. Whatever your situation, kangaroo care is a precious way to be close to your baby. You will cherish this time.


(Accessed: 16/01/2017)
Leaving the NICU
On the day your baby is admitted to the NICU, we like to begin thinking about the day you will take your baby home. We want you to start talking, singing, and read¬ing to your baby as soon as your baby is stable. We would like you to join in the baby’s care by changing the baby’s diaper, taking the baby’s temperature, and talk¬ing with the nurse about your baby’s care. We want you to have a chance to feed your baby many times before you take your baby home. We can help you so you can learn about baby care. We will teach you special things you need to know about your baby before you take him or her home. Your baby may need to go home with medicines, and we will teach you how to give those. Your baby may need special equipment, and we will teach you about that before you take your baby home. If there is anything special you want to learn please ask. The staff of the NICU looks at many factors to determine when a baby can go home. All signs are positive when your baby is able to:

  • Take all feeds by mouth
  • Maintain his/her temperature in an open bed
  • No longer requires oxygen or monitors.
By visiting your baby regularly, you can work with our staff in planning for your baby to go home. As soon as you know who your baby’s doctor will be after he or she goes home, tell us. If you don't have a primary care physician for your baby, our staff can help you find one. We will talk with your baby’s doctor so he or she will know your baby was in the NICU and what happened while your baby was with us.
Medical Transfer Overseas
Your baby may need a higher level of neonatal intensive care (more complex). He or she may need special care or procedures. In these cases, he or she may be transferred to another hospital, to the newborn nursery/birthing center, to Providenciales or overseas. The transfer is approved and coordinated by NHIP. They will decide the best center available for your baby to be transferred. Many families are nervous about the transfer of their baby to another hospital. This is a common feeling related to meeting a new medical team, becoming familiar with a new hospital, and leaving behind a familiar nursery with familiar faces. We will help you with the information needed for you and your family before the transfer
Rights and responsibilities of Pregnant Women.
Do you know that you have certain rights and responsibilities during pregnancy?

Some of your Rights:-

1. You should be told about any possible risks of drugs or test ordered for you or your baby.
2. You should be told if there are pregnancy education classes that could help you in labor.
3. You have the right to make your own decisions about any tests your doctors, Midwife want you to have.
4. You have the right to know the names of all the people taking care of you.
5. You have the right to have someone you care about with you while you are in active labor.
6. You have the right to have a copy of your medical records.

Some of your responsibilities:

1. You are responsible to for learning all you can about pregnancy so that you can make better decisions about what you want.
2. You should find out the rules of the place where you plan to have your baby (how long you will be there, whether the baby will be in your room, who can visit you, etc.)
3. You should ask questions when you don’t understand why something is being done.
4. You are responsible for listening to your doctor, Midwife, or nurse and deciding what to do after hearing your choices.
5. If you decide to change to a different birth site, or provider, you are responsible for notifying us so we can give you a copy of your medical record.
6. You are responsible for learning all you can for you and your baby at home.
Tests that are done during Pregnancy
First Visit:

Blood type and Rh factor
Rubella immunity
Screen for Anemia
Check for Sexually transmitted disease (STD’S)
HIV test for the virus that causes AIDS
HBV test for the virus that causes Hepatitis B
Screen for Lead
Tuberculin skin test Or Quantiferon (TB) blood test.

10-12 weeks

After about 12 weeks:-

Your provider will listen to your baby’s heartbeat; you will be allowed to hear the heart beat.

15-20 weeks

Quad Screen: for patients who are age 35 years and over, these test measures levels of four substances in the woman’s blood. Results of the quad screen indicate your risk of carrying a baby who has certain developmental or chromosomal conditions such as spinal Bifida or Down syndrome not whether your baby actually has these conditions.

Ultrasound 18-20 weeks It can be used to measure growth, estimated age, check for more than one baby, determine the baby’s position, and locate the placenta.

24-28 weeks:-

Diabetes Mellitus Screen (DMS) checks for high blood sugars, a 1hr GCT is done if the blood sugar is high then a 3 hrs. GTT is done.

Urine:- Done on every visit.
A check for sugar is done in the urine, which can be a sign of diabetes. A check for protein, increased levels may indicate problems such as problems with the Kidneys, high blood pressure or preeclampsia. Bacteria may reveal a urinary tract Infection.

Blood Pressure:- Every visit
High blood pressure may indicate hypertension or pregnancy induces hypertension.

Pelvic Exams:

First visit: Pap test is done during examination of the cervix (opening of the uterus) this test screens for cervical cancer.

35-37 weeks:

The following tests are performed:
Blood is sent for CBC and Syphilis (RPR)
HIV is repeated.
Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
Bacterial culture of the vagina/rectum is sent to check for Group B Streptococcus (GBS), this bacterium can cause a newborn to become sick, mother can be treated with antibiotics during labor.

A non -stress Test (NST) is performed bi-weekly to weekly at 41 weeks of pregnancy according to the circumstances, a fetal monitor evaluates the baby’s current heart rate patterns.

How often should I see my doctor during pregnancy?

The guidelines are as follows:-
Once a month until 28 weeks (7 months) Twice a month from 28 weeks- 36 weeks Weekly from 36 weeks until delivery.
The Vocabulary of the NICU
The NICU staff uses terms that are probably unfamiliar to you. Below are words that you will hear used in the neonatal intensive care unit.

BP (blood pressure): A type of measurement. BP is the force of the blood on blood vessel walls. This is caused by the heart beating.

mL (milliliter): A metric unit of volume. 30 mL equals about 1 fluid ounce.

CNS (central nervous system): The brain and spinal cord.

CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure): A breathing machine. It gives a steady, gentle supply of air.

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation): A way to get the heart and lungs working again if they have stopped.

ET or ETT (endotracheal tube): A breathing tube. It goes through the mouth or nose into the windpipe.

Grams and kilograms: Metric units of weight. 100 grams is about 3.5 ounces. 1 kilogram is about 2.2 pounds.

HFV (high-frequency ventilator): A machine that gives hundreds of tiny breaths per minute.

IMV (intermittent mandatory ventilation): A type of ventilator. It gives a set number of breaths per minute.

IV (intravenous): Given by vein.

IV pump: A machine used to give IV fluids.

LP (lumbar puncture): A small needle is used to remove fluid from around the spinal column for testing.

NG tube (nasogastric tube): A feeding tube. It goes through the nose to the stomach.

NICU (neonatal intensive care unit): Part of the hospital for newborns with extra medical needs.

NPO (nil per os): No food or liquid given by mouth. (It is a shortening of a Latin term.)

O2 (oxygen): A gas in the air we breathe. It is needed for life.

OG tube (orogastric tube): A feeding tube. It goes through the mouth into the stomach.

Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) or percutaneous central venous catheter (PCVC): A type of tube that is put into a central (large) vein.

Radiant warmer bed: An open bed with a heating device.

SIMV (synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation): IMV timed with the baby’s breaths.

TPR: Temperature, pulse, and respiration.

TPN (total parenteral nutrition): Nutrition fed straight into the bloodstream.

UAC (umbilical arterial catheter): A tube put into an artery. It is put in at the stump of the umbilical cord.

UVC (umbilical venous catheter): A tube put into a vein. It is put in at the stump of the umbilical cord.

VS (vital signs): Temperature, pulse, respiration (breathing), and blood pressure.


Anemia: A low number of red cells in the blood. Anemia is a common occurrence in premature infants.

Apnea: A temporary stop in breathing. For small babies and premature infants, apnea is a normal behavior. Babies usually start to breathe again on their own, however sometimes they will need stimulation by gently touching to “remind” them to breath.

Antibiotic: Medicines used to kill bacteria. Used to treat infections.

Asphyxia: A loss of oxygen

Aspiration: The act of breathing in material into the windpipe or lungs

Axillary: Armpit. This is the preferred way to take your babies temperature.

Bacteria: Tiny one-celled organisms that can cause infection or disease.

Bagging: Putting breaths of oxygen into the lungs with an oxygen bag and facemask.

Billilights: Fluorescent lights used to treat jaundice. The lights help break down the bilirubin so it can be excreted.

Bilirubin: A substance made by the normal breakdown of red blood cells. It is broken down by the liver and leaves the body in the stool. Extra bilirubin in the blood causes jaundice, a yellow skin color.

Blood Gases: A blood test that measures the concentration of oxygen, carbon dioxide and the acidity of the blood. Blood gases help determine how well your baby is breathing.

Blood Transfusion: Giving blood from a donor to the baby through an IV catheter

Bradycardia: A slower than normal heart rate

Breathing tube: A tube that is placed into the windpipe (trachea) through the mouth. This is used to help the baby breath.

Bulb Syringe: A device used to suction the nose and or mouth of an infant.Cardiac and respiratory monitor: Used to record breathing and heart rates. Most babies in the NICU will be on a monitor until they are discharged.

CBC: Complete Blood Count. This is a laboratory test done to determine the number of cells (red cells, white cells and platelets) in the blood.

Central line: A special intravenous (IV) catheter that is longer than usual and is inserted through a vein in a position that is close to the heart. Central Lines can stay in a longer time than a regular IV.

Chest Tube: A tube that is put into the baby’s chest to remove extra air and/or fluid.

Congenital: Present at birth.Congenital Heart Defect: A malformation of the structures of the heart that is present at birth.

Corrected Age: The age the baby would be if they had been born at full term. For example, if a baby is born one month early, when the baby reaches six months of age, the baby will developmentally be behaving as a five month-old. This method is used for the first two years.

CPAP: Abbreviation for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. Air and/or oxygen pressure that helps keep the longs sacs partly open after each breath to make breathing easier.

Cyanosis: when the skin and lips have a bluish or dusky color. Cyanosis is caused by not enough oxygen in the blood.

Desat/Desaturation: when the amount of oxygen in the blood is less than normal.

Developmental: refers to the growth and maturation process. Developmental care refers to ensuring the baby is growing and maturing as normally as possible while providing the necessary medical care.

Distention: Enlargement or swelling, usually caused by pressure from air or fluid.

Dusky: Bluish color of skin and mucous membranes when there is not enough oxygen in the blood.

Difficult transition: when babies have a hard time adapting to life outside the womb.

ECHO: Abbreviation for echocardiogram. An ultrasound of the heart.

Edema: Swelling of the body caused by extra fluid in the tissues.

Electrodes: A sensor with an adhesive, gel backing that is placed on the baby and is connected to the monitor that shows the heart rate and breathing rate. Also called a lead.

Electrolytes: Sodium, potassium and chloride levels in the blood, which must be maintained for normal body function.

Endotracheal Tube (ET Tube): A soft plastic tube put into the baby’s windpipe (trachea) through the mouth. This tube is connected to a ventilator to provide oxygen directly to the longs to help the baby breath.

Extubate: To remove the endotracheal tube from the windpipe.

Feeding Tube: A small tube that is put into the baby’s nose or mouth that goes to the stomach. Breast milk or formula is given to the baby in this way when they are unable to take a bottle.

Gestational Age: The age of the baby since conception. Counted in number of weeks.

Glucose: A sugar that the baby uses for energy. Can be measured in the blood by a laboratory test (blood sugar or accucheck). Also the sugar that is in IV fluids given to babies.

Gram: A metric measurement of weight. 30 grams equals 1 once, 1000 grams equals 2.2 pounds.

Grunting: The noise a baby makes when they have to work hard at breathing.

Head Hood: A plastic “box” that is put over a baby’s head to give extra-humidified oxygen when the baby is having problems breathing.

Hearing screen: A test to examine the hearing of a newborn infant.

Heart Murmur: Extra sound sometimes heard when listening to the heartbeat. A heart murmur is common in premature infants and does not indicate a heart problem.

Heat Rate: A baby’s heart rate is usually 120 – 160 breaths per minute, about twice as fast as an adult’s heart rate.

Heelstick: A small prick to the heel of a baby to make it bleed in order to obtain blood for laboratory testing.

Hematocrit: The amount of red blood cells in the bold. Used to check for anemia.

Hemoglobin: Part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen from the longs to tissue.

HFOV: An abbreviation for High Frequency Oscillating Ventilator, a breathing machine that provides oxygen and support to help a baby breath.

Hyperal: Abbreviation for Hyperalimentation. A type of IV fluid that gives the baby nutrition (protein, fats, sugar, vitamins, and minerals) when the baby is not eating by mouth

Hyperglycemia: A higher than normal blood sugar level.

Hypoglycemia: A lower than normal blood sugar level.

I&O: intake and output. Measuring all of the fluids that go into and out of the baby.

Incubator: Also called an isolette. A special clear plastic box-like bed that is heated to help keep the baby warm.

Isolette: Another name for an incubator, a special clear plastic box-like bed that is heated to help keep the baby warm.

Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH): Bleeding in the brain. May also be called a bleed.

Immuno-Compromised: Lacking the body’s usual resistance (ability to fight off) of antibodies to infections.

IV: A tiny plastic tube that is put into the blood vein of the baby. Is used to give fluids and medication. May be in an arm, leg and/or scalp of the baby

Jaundice: the yellow skin color that is caused by extra bilirubin in the blood.

Kangaroo Care: Holding the baby skin-to-skin on the chest of the mother or father

Lead: A sensor with an adhesive patch that is placed on the baby and is connected to the monitor that shows the heart rate and breathing rate. Also called an electrode.

Lethargic: Lack of energy. Sluggishness.

Lipids: Milky white IV solution containing fats that are necessary for optimal growth.

LP: Lumbar Puncture. Putting a needle into the lower back to remove spinal fluid for testing. Also called a spinal tap.

Meconium: Dark green or black stools that are made before birth and are the first stools passed by the baby

ML’s: A unit of measure used when discussing amount of breast milk, formula, medications or IV fluids. 5 ml’s equals one teaspoon, 30 ml’s equals one once.

Monitor: A machine that shows the baby’s heart and breathing rate. Also shows the oxygen saturation (how well the baby is using oxygen)

Mottled: a blotchy appearance of the skin

Murmur: A swishing sound made by blood flowing through the heart. Heard by using a stethoscope. May be normal or could indicate a problem

Nasal Cannula: Soft plastic tubing that is used to give oxygen to a babyNG Tube: See feeding tube

NEC: Necrotizing entercolitis. A serious disease of the bowel and/or intestines.

Nest: Surrounding the baby with rolled blankets and/or other soft support to create boundaries that allows the baby to feel safe and snug. Helps to keep baby calm

Newborn Screen: A blood test required by the state of Illinois for all infants. This is a test to screen for certain metabolic and genetic or endocrine disorders.

Non-nutritive Suck: Sucking on a pacifier or finger. Helps calm the baby and prepare them for taking feedings by mouth. Sucking that is not used to give nutrition

NPO: Nothing by mouth. The baby is not getting any food or fluids through the mouth

Open Crib: A regular hospital bassinet. Does not have any heating devices.

Open Warmer: An open bed with an overhead heater to keep the baby warm also known as a radiant warmer. The heater is regulated by a probe taped to the baby’s skin that responds to changes in the baby’s temperature.

Oral: by month or having to do with the mouth

Oxygen: is in the air and taken in when breathing. Oxygen levels are monitored closely in the NICU. Babies with respiratory or heart problems may need extra oxygen from an oxygen hood, bag or ventilator

Oxygen Saturation: The amount of oxygen that is in the blood. Shows how well the baby is breathing.

PDA: Patent ductus Arteriosus. An opening between the major arteries of the heart and lungs, which allows blood to bypass the lungs before birth. This opening usually closes soon after birth

Phototherapy: treatment for jaundice (yellow skin color) that is done by bright lights. Can be done overhead lights or by a bili-blanket (a special lighted pad that the baby lays on)

PICC: Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter. A special tiny IV that is long and threaded through the blood vein to near the heart. Used for special medications and IV Fluids. This IV can stay in for a longer time than a regular IV

Platelets: A part of the blood that is needed for clottingPneumonia: An infection in the lungs

PO: Given or taken through the mouth

Pulse Ox: Pulse Oximeter. A monitor that measures the amount of oxygen in the blood. A sensor that wraps around the hand or food and uses a light sensor to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood

RDS: Respiratory Distress Syndrome. A disease that affects the lungs of premature babies and causes them to have difficulty breathing. RDS is caused by a lock of a chemical called surfactant, which lines the small air sacs in the lungs. This is necessary to keep the lungs expanded

Reflux: Gastroesophageal Reflux – When the content of the stomach backs up into the esophagus (throat or windpipe). Can cause apnea and / or bradycardia in babies

Residual: Food that is left in the stomach from a previous feeding. Is pulled out through the feeding tube before a new feeding is given to determine how well your baby is digesting their food.

Retractions: Indentations in the chest indicating that a baby is having difficulty breathing.

ROP: Retinopathy of prematurity. A disease that affects the retina (the interior part of the eye) of a premature baby’s eye.

Security Tag: A device that is connected to a band on the baby’s leg. This is connected to the hospital security system and will activate an alarm system if the baby is removed from the hospital unit. These are used in our newborn nursery as well as NICU south

Sedate: The use of medication to help keep a baby calm and/or sleeping

Seizures: Changes in the brain’s electrical impulses that may cause spasms (jerking) of the baby’s arms and/or legs

Small for Gestational Age: Children who are below the 10th percentile

Tachycardia: A faster than normal heart beatTachypnea: A faster than normal respiratory rate

Transient Tachypnea of the newborn (TTN): Fast breathing that slowly becomes normal. It is caused by slow or delayed reabsorption of fetal lung fluid and is more common in babies delivered by cesarean delivery and in those who are slightly preterm.

Umbilical Arterial Catheter (UAC): A small flexible catheter is placed into the umbilical artery. It is used to check blood pressure, draw blood samples and give IV fluids.

Umbilical Venous Catheter (UVC): A small flexible catheter is placed into the umbilical vein. It is used to give IV fluids and medications.

Ventilator: A machine that assists your baby to breath

Very low birth weight (VLBW): A birth weight of less than 1500 grams.

Warmer: a bed that allows maximum access to a sick baby. Radiant heaters above the bed keep the baby warm. Generally babies progress from a warmer to an isolette and then an open crib.

Who's Who and What They Do

Neonatologist: A paediatrician who specialises in the care of sick and premature newborns


Nurse manager: A registered nurse who oversees all unit operations Neonatal nurse: A registered nurse who specialises in the care of sick and premature newborns in the NICU.

Technical Support

Radiology technician: A health team member who takes medical images of your baby. This may be done in the NICU or in the radiology department.

Social Support

Social Worker: A health team member trained to help families cope with problems related to their baby’s hospitalisation
Visitation Policy
Parent and grandparent visitation is permitted 24 hours/day except:

  • During the nursing change of shift (7:00am-7:30am and 7:00pm-7:30pm)
  • During morning medical rounds on other patients (parents may stay during discussion of their baby)

You will be asked to leave during these times.

Brothers and sisters over 3 years of age may visit under the established sibling visitation guidelines. Sibling visitation is permitted from the hours of:

▪ 2.30 p.m. – 4.30 p.m., 7 days a week.

Brothers and sisters 12 years of age and older may also visit from:

▪ 2.30 p.m. – 4.30 p.m. and 6.30 p.m. – 7.30 p.m.

Sibling visits are a maximum of 30 minutes.

Two extended support people over 14 years of age can visit each day. Grandparents are not included in this number. The visitation hours for extended support people are:

▪ 2.30 p.m. – 4.30 p.m. and 6.30 p.m. – 7.30 p.m.

Parents must accompany these extended support people on NICU visits.

  • No more than 1 adult at the bedside at any time.
  • In order to protect and respect the privacy of all our patients, please remain at your infant’s bedside when visiting.
  • Although you will meet other families during your NICU stay, visiting with these families will need to take place outside of the patient care area (i.e., NICU waiting room).
  • Visitors who have colds, coughs, vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, or other infections may not visit.
  • All visitors must perform a 3-minute Hand wash before entering the NICU.
  • All visitors must wear a yellow gown before entering the unit.
  • At all times the medical and nursing staff reserve the right to ask visitors to leave if the need arises.